With the potential to streamline and deliver greater time and cost savings to a broad spectrum of enterprise tasks, opportunities for Internet of Things (IoT) adoption are proliferating. It’s encouraging to see so many industry-leading manufacturers, service providers, software and systems developers getting down to the hard work of making the vision IoT investments pay off.
Forecasting methodologies shifted in 2015 from the purely theoretical to being more anchored in early adoption performance gains. Gil Press wrote an excellent post on this topic Internet of Things By The Numbers: Market Estimates And Forecasts which continues to be a useful reference for market data and insights, as does his recent post, Internet Of Things (IoT) News Roundup: Onwards And Upwards To 30 Billion Connected Things.
Key takeaways from the collection of IoT forecasts and market estimates include the following:
- IC Insights predicts revenue from Industrial Internet of Things spending will increase from $6.4B in 2012 to $12.4B in 2015, attaining a 17.98% CAGR. IC Insights predicts the Industrial Internet will lead all five categories of its forecast, with Connected Cities being the second-most lucrative, attaining a 13.16% CAGR in the forecast period. The research firm segments the industry into five IoT market categories: connected homes, connected vehicles, wearable systems, industrial Internet, and connected cities. Source: IC Insights Raises Growth Forecast for IoT.
- Manufacturing (27%), retail trade (11%), information services (9%), and finance and insurance (9%) are the four industries that comprise more than half the total value of the projected $14.4T market. The remaining 14 industries range between 7% percent and 1%. The following graphic based on Cisco’s analysis of the IoT market potential by industry and degree of impact. Cisco predicts Smart Factories will contribute $1.95T of the total value at stake by 2022. Source: Embracing the Internet of Everything To Capture Your Share of $14.4 Trillion, white paper published by Cisco.
- Intel Capital, Qualcomm Ventures, Foundry Group, Kleiner Perkins Caufield & Byers (KPCB), Andreessen Horowitz, Khosla Ventures, True Ventures and Cisco Investments are the leading IoT investors this year. Intel Capital is investing in a broad base of IoT-related technologies, encompassing 3D body-scanning and biometric sensors, wearable sand IoT infrastructure startups. Source: The Most Active VCs In The Internet Of Things And Their Investments In One Infographic.
- Vodafone’s latest Machine-to-Machine (M2M) study found that 37% of enterprises have projects targeted to go live in 2017. Vodafone defines M2M as technologies that connect machines, devices, and objects to the Internet, turning them into ‘intelligent’ assets that can communicate. M2M enables the Internet of Things. The following graphics compare M2M adoption trends from 2013 and 2015 and by industry. Source: 2015 Vodafone M2M Barometer Report (free, opt-in reqd., 36 pp.).
- New connections to the Internet of Things (IoT) will grow from about 1.7B in 2015 to nearly 3.1B in 2019. IoT applications will also fuel strong sales growth in optoelectronics, sensors/actuators, and discrete semiconductors, which are projected to reach $11.6B in 2019, attaining a CAGR of 26% during the forecast period. Source: IC Insights Internet of Things Market to Nearly Double by 2019.
- IDC predicts that by 2018, 40% of the top 100 discrete manufacturers will rely on connected products to provide product as a service. 55% of discrete manufacturers are researching, piloting, or in production with IoT initiatives. By 2017, 50% of manufacturers will explore the viability of micrologistics networks to enable the promise of accelerated delivery for select products and customers. 65% of companies with more than ten plants will enable workers on the factory floor to make better business decisions through investments in operational intelligence. Source: IDC Manufacturing Insights Report courtesy of Cognizant, Transforming Manufacturing with the Internet of Things May 2015
- Global tech leaders predict cloud computing (11%), mobile platforms and apps (9%), Internet of Things (IoT)/machine-to-machine (M2M) (9%) and data and analytics (9%) will be the most disruptive technologies over the next three years.
These and many other insights are from the fourth annual 2015 Global Technology Innovation Survey released via webcast by KPMG last month. KPMG surveyed 832 technology industry business leaders globally, with the majority of being C-level executives (87%). Respondents were selected from a broad spectrum of businesses including tech industry startups, mid- and large-scale enterprises, angel investors and venture capital firms. For an in-depth explanation of the survey methodology, please see slides 6 and 7 of the webinar presentation. The goals of the survey include spotting disruptive technologies, identifying tech innovation barriers and opportunities, and tracking emerging tech innovation hubs.
The five insights and predictions from the report include the following:
- Global tech leaders predict cloud computing (11%), mobile platforms and apps (9%), Internet of Things (IoT)/M2M (9%) and data and analytics (9%) will be the most disruptive technologies over the next three years. U.S. tech leaders predict biotech/digital health/healthcare IT (15%), data and analytics (14%) and cloud computing (14%) will be the three most disruptive technologies over the next three years. Chinese tech leaders predict artificial intelligence/cognitive computing (15%) will be the most disruptive technology impacting the global business-to-consumer (B2C) marketplace.
- The three most disruptive technologies predicted to drive business transformation in enterprises over the next three years in the U.S. include cloud computing (13%), data and analytics (13%), and cyber security (10%). Japanese tech leaders predict artificial intelligence/cognitive computing will have the greatest effect (23%), and 14% of Chinese tech leaders predict the Internet of Things/M2M (14%) will have the greatest impact on business transformation in their country. The following table compares global tech leader’s predictions of which technologies will disrupt enterprises the most and drive business transformation over the next three years.
- Improving business efficiencies/higher productivity, and faster innovation cycles (both 20%) are top benefits tech leaders globally are pursuing with IoT strategies. The point was made on the webinar that in Asia, consumers are driving greater adoption of IoT-based devices to a richer contextual customer experience. Greatest challenges globally to adopting IoT is technology complexity (22%), lack of experience in the new technology or business model (16%), and both displacement of the existing tech roadmap and security (both 13%).
- Analytics are most often adopted to gain faster innovation cycles (25%), improved business efficiencies and higher productivity (17%) and more effective R&D (13%). The greatest challenges are technology complexity (20%) and lack of experience in the new technology or business model (19%),
- Tech leaders predict the greatest potential revenue growth for IoT in the next three years is in consumer and retail markets (22%). IoT/M2M is also expected to see significant revenue growth in technology industries (13%), aerospace and defense (10%), and education (9%). The following graphic compares tech leader’s predictions of the industries with the greatest potential revenue growth (or monetization potential) in the next three years.
Tech Innovation Global Webcast presenting the findings of KPMG’s 2015 Global Technology Innovation Survey
KPMG Survey: Top Disruptive Consumer Tech – AI In China, Healthtech In U.S., 3-D Printing In EMEA
- Channel sales and inside sales strategies delivered the highest revenue growth rates in 2014.
- Companies in the $5M – $7.5M range achieved 70% revenue growth in 2014, surpassing the median 36% growth rate last year.
These and many other insights are from the 2015 Pacific Crest SaaS Survey published by David Skok of Matrix Partners in collaboration with Pacific Crest Securities. You can download a free copy of Part I of the study here (PDF, opt-in, 72 pp). 305 SaaS companies were interviewed, 31% from international locations and 69% from North America. David Skok and Pacific Crest Securities will publish Part 2 of the results in the near future. SaaS Metrics 2.0 – Detailed Definitions provides a useful reference for many of the SaaS metrics mentioned in the study.
This year’s survey attracted an eclectic base of respondents, with median revenues of $4M a year, with 133 companies reporting less than $5M, and 57 over $25M. Annual Contract Value (ACV) across all respondents is $21K, with 17% of respondents reporting ACVs over $100K. Please see pages 3 & 4 of the study for a description of the methodology. Key take-aways from the study include the following:
- SaaS GAAP revenue growth is accelerating in 2014 and is projected to increase further in 2015 from 44% to 46%. Median revenue growth in 2014 for all survey respondents was 44%, with the aggregate projected growth for 2015 reaching 46%. When SaaS companies with less than $2.5M in revenues are excluded, median GAAP growth was 35% in 2014 and is expected to reach that same level in 2015.
- SaaS companies with mixed customer strategies are growing at 57% a year. Excluding respondent companies with less than $2.5M in revenues, a mixed customer strategy dominates all others. Concentrating on enterprises and small & medium businesses (SMBs) both drove 33% revenue growth of respondent companies this year.
- 40% of SaaS companies are using Amazon Web Services (AWS) to deliver their apps today. AWS is projected to increase to 44% three years from now, with Microsoft Azure increasing from 3% today to 6% in 3 years.
- 41% of all SaaS companies surveyed rely primarily on field sales. Factoring out the companies with less than $2.5M in revenue, field sales accounts for 32%.
- Field sales dominates as the most effective sales strategy when median deal sizes are $50K or more. In contrast, inside sales dominates $5K to $15K deal sizes, and the Internet dominates deal sizes less than $1K. The following graphic provides insights into the primary mode of sales by median initial contract size.
- 16% of new Average Contract Value (ACV) sales is from upsells, with the largest companies being the most effective at this selling strategy. One of the strongest catalysts of a SaaS companies’ growth is the ability to upsell customers to a higher ACV, generating significantly greater gross margin in the process. SaaS companies with revenues between $40M to $75M increase their ACV by 32% using upsells. Larger SaaS companies with over $75M in sales generate 28% additional ACV with upsell strategies.
- The highest growth SaaS companies are relying on upsells to fuel higher ACV. There is a significant difference between the highest and lowest growth SaaS companies when it comes to upsell expertise and execution. The following graphic provides an overview by 2014 GAAP revenue category of percent of ACV attributable to upsells.
- 60% are driving revenues with “Try Before You Buy” strategies, with 30% generating the majority of their revenues using this approach. On contrast, only 30% of companies generate revenues and ACV from freemium.
- 73% of midmarket companies say the complexity of their stored data requires big data analytics apps and tools to better gain insights from.
- 54% of midmarket companies’ security budgets are invested in security plans versus reacting to threats.
These and many other insights are from Dell’s second annual Global Technology Adoption Index (GTAI 2015) released last week in collaboration with TNS Research. The Global Technology Adoption Index surveyed IT and business decision makers of mid-market organizations across 11 countries, interviewing 2,900 IT and business decision makers representing businesses with 100 to 4,999 employees.
The purpose of the index is to understand how business users perceive, plan for and utilize four key technologies: cloud, mobility, security and big data. Dell released the first wave of its results this week and will be publishing several additional chapters throughout 2016. You can download Chapter 1 of the study here (PDF, no opt-in, 18 pp.).
Key take-aways from the study include the following:
- Orchestrating big data, cloud and mobility strategies leads to 53% greater growth than peers not adopting these technologies. Midmarket organizations adopting big data alone have the potential to grow 50% more than comparable organizations. Effective use of Bring Your Own Device (BYOD) mobility strategies has the potential to increase growth by 53% over laggards or late adopters..
- 73% of North American organizations believe the volume and complexity of their data requires big data analytics apps and tools. This is up from 54% in 2014, indicating midmarket organizations are concentrating on how to get more value from the massive data stores many have accumulated. This same group of organizations believe they are getting more value out of big data this year (69%) compared to last year (64%). Top outcomes of using big data include better targeting of marketing efforts (41%), optimization of ad spending (37%), and optimization of social media marketing (37%).
- 54% of an organization’s security budget is invested in security plans versus reacting to threats. Dell & TNS Research discovered that midmarket organizations both in North America and Western Europe are relying on security to enable new devices or drive competitive advantage. In North America, taking a more strategic approach to security has increased from 25% in 2014 to 35% today. In Western Europe, the percentage of companies taking a more strategic view of security has increased from 26% in 2014 to 30% this year.
- IT infrastructure costs to support big data initiatives (29%) and costs related to securing the data (28%) are the two greatest barriers to big data adoption. For cloud adoption, costs and security are the two biggest barriers in midmarket organizations as is shown in the graphic below.
- Cloud use by midmarket companies in France increased 12% in the last twelve months, leading all nations in the survey. Of the 11 countries surveyed, France had the greatest increase in cloud adoption within midmarket companies. French businesses increased their adoption of cloud applications and platforms from 70% in 2014 to 82% in 2015.
Sources: Dell Study Reveals Companies Investing in Cloud, Mobility, Security and Big Data Are Growing More Than 50 Percent Faster Than Laggards. October 13, 2015
- 42.6% of all big data apps developed for manufacturing are being created by enterprises today.
These and other insights are from the recently published report Big Data and Advanced Analytics Survey 2015, Volume I by Evans Data Corporation. The survey is based on 444 in-depth interviews with developers who are currently working with analytics and databases and are both currently working on and planning big data and advanced analytics projects. The survey’s results provide a strategic view of the attitudes, adoption patterns and intentions of developers in relation to big data and analytics. You can more on the methodology of the report here.
Key take-aways from the report include the following:
- Software & computing (18%), financial (11.6%), manufacturing (10.9%) and retail (9.8%) industries have the highest percentage of programmers creating big data and analytics applications today. Additional industries where big data app development is active and growing include entertainment (7.7%), telecommunications (7.5%), utilities & energy (6.6%) and healthcare (4.6%). The following graphic provides an overview of the industries addressed.
- Capturing more information than traditional database practices (22.60%), capturing and analyzing unstructured data (21.10%) and the potential for visualizing or analyzing data differently (20.70%) are the three top use cases driving app development today. Evans Data found that capturing more information than traditional database practices allow increased 6% since last year, making it the top use case in 2015. The following graphic provides the distribution of responses by use cases from the developers surveyed.
- Total size of the data being processed (40.8%), complex, unstructured nature of the data (38.1%) and the need for real-time data analysis (17.7%) are the top three factors driving big data adoption over traditional database solutions. Evans Data found that the size and complexity of structured and unstructured data is the catalyst that gets enterprises moving on the journey to big data adoption. The ability to gain greater insights into their data with descriptive, predictive and contextually-driven analytics is the fuel that keeps big data adoption moving forward in all companies.
- 33.2% of all big data and advanced analytics developers are concentrating on the software & computing industry. Of these developers, 36.7% are working in organizations of 101 to 1,000 employees, 32.9% are in enterprises of 1,000+ employees, and 30.1% are in organizations of 100 employees or less. 42.6% of all big data software development in manufacturing begins in enterprises (1K+ employees).
- Enterprises competing in the software & computing industry (17.5%), manufacturing (15.8%) and financial industry (14%) are investing the heaviest in big data and analytics app development. Overall, 32% of big data and analytics projects are custom-designed and produced by system integrators and value-added resellers (SI, VAR). 70% of big data and advanced analytics apps for manufacturing are created by enterprise and system integrator/value-added reseller (SI/VAR) development teams. The following graphic provides an overview of industries targeted by big data, segmented by developer segment.
- Sales and customer data (9.6%), IT-based data analysis (9.4%), informatics (8.7%) and financial transactions (8.4%) are the most common big data sets app developers are working with today. In addition marketing, system management, production and shop floor data, and web & social media-generated data are also included. Evans Data found that informatics data sets grew the fastest in the last six months, and scientific computing is now competing with transaction processing systems as a dominant data set developers rely on to create new apps.
- Marketing departments have quickly become the most common users of big data and advanced analytics apps (14.4%) followed by IT (13.3%) and Research & Development (13%). Evans Data asked developers which departments in their organizations are putting big data and advanced analytics apps to use, regardless of where they were created. 38.2% of all big data use in organizations today are in customer-facing departments including marketing, sales, and customer service.
- Availability of relevant tools (10.9%), storage costs (10.2%) and siloed business, IT, and analytics/data science teams (10.0%) are the top three barriers developers face in building new apps. It’s interesting to note that compliance and having to transition from legacy systems did not score higher in the survey, as these two areas are inordinately more complex in more regulated, older industries. For big data and advanced analytics to accelerate across manufacturing and financial industries, compliance and legacy systems integration barriers will need to first be addressed.
- Quality of data (19.2%), relevance of data being acquired (13.5%), volume of data being processed (12.6%) and ability to adequately visualize big data (11.7%) are the four biggest problem areas faced by big data developers today. Additional problem areas include the volume of data in storage (10.5%), ability to gain insight from big data (10.1%) and the high rate of data acquisition (7.6%). The remainder of problem areas are shown in the graphic below.
- Providing real-time correlation and anomaly detection of diverse security data (29.9%) and high-speed querying of security intelligence data (28.1%) are the two most critical areas vendors can assist developers with today. Big data and analytics app developers are looking to vendors to also provide more effective security algorithms for various use case scenarios (17.6%), flexible big data analytics across structured and unstructured data (14.2%) and more useful graphical front-end tools for visualizing and exploring big data (5.1%).
Gartner announced their top 10 strategic technology trends for 2016 at the Gartner Symposium/ITxpo held October 4 – 8th in Orlando. David Cearley, Vice President and Gartner Fellow, presented the company’s Top Ten Strategic Technology Trends for 2016. You can find the video here.
Key take-aways from his presentation and the trends announced are provided below:
- Enterprise 3D-printing shipments will attain a 64.1% Compound Annual Growth Rate (CAGR) through 2019. David Cearley mentioned during his keynote that jet engines are being 3D printed today. He gave the example to illustrate that 3D printing will continue to gain adoption in more demanding manufacturing environments including aerospace, automotive, energy, medical devices and military-based markets and industries.
- Emergence of an entirely new class of business models based on smart machine technologies, advanced analytics and big data. Combining machine learning, continued adoption of Internet of Things (IoT) sensors and supporting data models, and advanced intelligence to interpret and act on the data, Gartner’s predictions set the stage of an entirely new class of business models. Manufacturing-as-a-Service and paying only for the production time used in a factory are within reach for more companies than before based on these predictions.
- The device mesh will expand to include IoT-based devices that scale well beyond the enterprise. Gartner is predicting that in the next three years traditional computing and communication devices, including desktop and mobile devices will increasingly be augmented by wearable devices, home electronics including appliances with sensors, transportation-based sensors and data collection devices, and environmental devices all capable of capturing data in real-time.
- A digital mesh will continue to proliferate, aligning apps and devices to individuals’ specific roles and tasks. Gartner sees this digital mesh as an expanding series of devices, services, platforms, informational networks and individuals that integrate together and provide contextual intelligence and enabling greater collaboration. The proliferation of the digital mesh will lead to more ambient, contextually intelligent and intuitive app design over time Gartner predicts.
- The next twelve months will also see the proliferation of algorithm-based businesses enabling automated background tasks including smart machines. Gartner’s technology trends for 2016 set a solid foundation for the growth of globally-based smart factories and production centers. Acumatica, Plex Systems and other Cloud ERP providers are ideally positioned for this trend, having proven their ability to provide manufacturing intelligence from the shop floor to the top floor. In addition to cloud platforms, these algorithm-based businesses will need to support unstructured data analysis including latent semantic indexing (LSI), data taxonomy and classification algorithms to ensure data fidelity and scalability, and more robust analytics and predictive modeling systems.
- Combining algorithms, analytics, data architectures and smart machines have the potential to revolutionize manufacturing quickly. General Electric’s Predix platform, IBM’s IoT Foundation and several other cloud-based IoT platforms are already making progress on transforming the vision of algorithm-based smart machine production strategies into a reality for manufacturers globally.
- Gartner sees a new IT reality taking shape. Adaptive security, advanced systems, Internet of Things (IoT), mesh app & service architectures are the catalysts of the new nature of IT that Gartner is predicting.
A graphic illustrating the top 10 strategic trends is show below:
Gartner Identifies the Top 10 Strategic Technology Trends for 2016. Press Release Announcement, October 6, 2015.
Video replay of the keynote: The Top 10 Strategic Technology Trends for 2016
These and other insights are from recent cloud computing forecasts and market estimates published by research and advisory consultancies including International Data Corporation (IDC), Forrester, Gartner, Ovum, Wikibon and others.
While the methodologies differ significantly, the findings from a recent Economist Intelligence Unit study provide the galvanizing thread across this diverse set of data. The Economist found that the most mature enterprises are now turning to cloud strategies as a strategic platform for growing customer demand and expanding sales channels. The study found low-maturity or lagging cloud adopters focus on costs more than growth.
Key take-aways from the round-up are provided below:
- 57% of IT architects and tech professionals are running apps on the Amazon Web Services (AWS) platform today. Rightscale’s 2015 State of the Cloud Report found that AWS adoption is over 4X greater than Microsoft Azure IaaS and 5X that of Rackspace Public Cloud. Rightscale found that AWS, Microsoft Azure IaaS, Azure PaaS, Rackspace Public Cloud and VMWare vCloud Air are the top five public cloud platforms used in enterprises today. Source: RightScale 2015 State Of The Cloud Report
- Goldman Sachs is forecasting the cloud infrastructure and platform market will grow at a 19.62% CAGR from 2015 to 2018, reaching $43B by 2018. Their recent market analysis also forecasts that the global market for cloud infrastructure and platforms will grow from $21B this year to $43B by the end of the forecast period. Source: How Big Can The Amazon Web Services Business Grow In The Future?
- 46% of surveyed firms in the European Union (EU) are using advanced cloud services relating to financial and accounting software applications, customer relationship management or to the use of computing power to run business applications. In 2014, almost twice as many firms used public cloud servers (12%) versus private cloud servers (7%). The following graphic illustrates the degree of dependence on cloud computing, by economic activity, EU-28, 2014. Source: Eurostat Statistics Explained. Cloud computing – statistics on the use by enterprises.
- 64% of Small & Medium Businesses (SMBs) are already using cloud-based apps, with average adoption being 3 apps. 78% of businesses indicate that they are considering purchasing new solutions in the next 2-3 years creating the potential to move the average number of applications used to 7, with 88% consuming at least one service. Source: The small business revolution: trends in SMB cloud adoption.
- Worldwide spending on enterprise application software will grow 7.5% to reach $149.9B in 2015, increasing to more than $201B in 2019 with accelerating cloud adoption driving new software sales. Gartner’s analysis of enterprise software spending shows that alternative consumption models to traditional on-premises licenses are accounting for more than 50% of new software implementations; these include SaaS, hosted license, on-premises subscriptions and open source. Gartner also predicts that by 2020, about a quarter of organizations in emerging regions will run their core CRM systems in the cloud, up from around 10 percent in 2012. Source: Gartner Says Modernization and Digital Transformation Projects Are Behind Growth in Enterprise Application Software Market.
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